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The Purpose of a Probate Inventory

The probate inventory serves as a crucial document that provides an accurate snapshot of the deceased person’s assets and their value at the time of their death. It helps ensure transparency, accountability, and fairness in the distribution of the estate. The inventory allows the court, beneficiaries, and creditors to assess the estate’s value, identify potential claims, and facilitate the proper management and division of assets.

Requirements for the Probate Inventory in Missouri

In Missouri, the probate inventory is governed by state laws and statutes. Here are key requirements to keep in mind:

  • Timely Filing: The personal representative (executor or administrator) of the estate is responsible for preparing and filing the probate inventory with the probate court. In Missouri, the inventory must be filed within 30 days from the date of the personal representative’s qualification.
  • Detailed Asset Description: The inventory should provide a detailed description of each asset, including real estate, personal property, bank accounts, investments, vehicles, and any other assets owned by the deceased at the time of death. It should also include the estimated value of each asset.
  • Valuation of Assets: The inventory should reflect the fair market value of each asset as of the date of the deceased person’s death. Appraisals, professional assessments, or other relevant valuation methods may be required for certain assets.
  • Supporting Documentation: It is essential to maintain accurate records and supporting documentation for each listed asset. This includes property deeds, bank statements, stock certificates, vehicle titles, and any other relevant documentation that verifies ownership and value.
  • Updates and Amendments: If there are significant changes in the estate’s assets or their values after the initial inventory filing, Missouri law may require the personal representative to file an amended inventory to reflect these updates.

The Role of the Probate Inventory in Estate Administration

The probate inventory plays a vital role in the overall estate administration process in Missouri. It helps accomplish the following:

  • Tax Assessment: The inventory assists in the identification and valuation of assets subject to estate taxes or inheritance taxes. This information is crucial for proper tax reporting and compliance.
  • Estate Accounting: The inventory helps the personal representative in maintaining accurate estate accounting records, ensuring transparency in the management of estate assets.
  • Asset Distribution: The inventory serves as a foundation for determining how the estate’s assets will be distributed among the beneficiaries according to the decedent’s will or the state’s intestacy laws.


The probate inventory of assets in Missouri plays a critical role in the orderly administration and distribution of a deceased person’s estate. By providing a comprehensive list of assets and their values, it ensures transparency, enables accurate tax assessment, and guides the equitable distribution of assets among beneficiaries. If you find yourself in the position of a personal representative in Missouri, it is essential to understand the state’s requirements and seek legal guidance to navigate the probate process successfully.

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